All About Moles, Mole Traps and How To Trap Them

Mole traps are devices used to capture moles. Mole traps are the best solution to tackle the nuisance of moles. There are several types of mole traps available.

Since the most recent epidemic of Foot and Mouth disease, when rural pest regulators were unable to obtain entry to immense areas of countryside, there has been a huge boost in recorded Mole infestation throughout United Kingdom. Mixed with the unusually late wet and mild winters—this phenomenon has added to this population flare-up. Along with rich food sources and very minimal control taking place, these creatures are completely liberated to reproduce to outbreak proportions.

Moles have been accounted showing in locations that formerly had never had a Mole trouble—gardens, grass edges, bowling greens, playing grounds, have entirely been attacked. The previously delicately manicured lawns have been decreased to pile scattered eyesores—with an immeasurable supply of new molehills.

Plus, due to climate change occurrence, wherein we are witnessing milder and wet winters, it is highly anticipated that moles will truly be an increasing crisis.

General Facts About Moles

Mole Scientific Information

Mole Trap

A Mole Trap

These interesting moles are members of the mammal family, Talpidae and belong to the Soricomorphia (shrew-form) order. While most moles burrow, various species are aquatic or semi-aquatic.

The European Mole (Talpa Europea), also known as the Northern Mole and the Common Mole is widespread in UK and not protected.

Mole Physical Characteristics/Appearance

Head/body length: 113-159mm.
Tail: 25-40mm.
Weight: 72-128g
Colour: Usually dark grey, but some European Moles with white, black, light grey, and apricot coloured fur have been reported, occasionally in the Oxfordshire area.

Mole Range

Commonly found all over Britain but nonexistent in Ireland and most islands, except in Jersey, the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, Mull, Alderney and Skye. It is prevalent in Europe excluding for the other southern countries. In Germany, they are protected species but may be killed if a permit is secured.

Mole Habitation

Moles dwell in an underground system where the soil is deep enough to allow tunneling. These tunnels are used to hunt its prey. Under common circumstances the displaced soil is pushed to the surface, ensuing in the typical “mole hills.” They are not normally seen in coniferous forests, sand hills, or highlands, perhaps because invertebrate prey is rare in these surroundings.

 

Diet

Insectivores, moles primarily get nourishment from earthworms—their favorite food. An 80g. mole requires about 80g of earthworms/day. They also feed on small invertebrates found in the soil such as beetles, ants, grubs, insect larvae and arthropods (insects and crustaceans).

As moles’ saliva contains venom that can immobilize earthworms, they are able to store their living prey for future consumption. They build a special underground “cupboard,” which holds a thousand earthworms in them.

Food is either actively burrowed out of the soil or gathered from the floor of the tunnel; numerous soil animals stumble through into the holes. Occasionally, moles may catch small mice that may inhabit the burrow entrance and damage bulbs and other plant roots. Moles seldom hunt on the surface, only during times of drought.

Life Cycle Biology

Moles are very shy and solitary animals. They spend most of their lives entirely underground in a system of permanent tunnels, the occurrence of which can be detected from above by molehills—outcome of the burrowing process. They live alone except when mating; they don’t normally like other moles and fight viciously when they run into another mole. In February or March, males are allowed to get close to a female, and they only stay together a few hours.

During April and May, the young ones are born in an extra-huge molehill, constructed by the mother and known as a fortress. The female raises a litter of 3-4 young, weighing only 3g when born. In 2 weeks, the young have fur and their eyes are already open by 22 days. Completely self sufficient by 5 weeks old, they leave the nest and live above ground until they obtain a vacant lot where they can dig up their own tunnel system. This is the most dangerous time for a young mole; they often fall prey to rats, weasels, owls, dogs, cats, foxes and stoats. No wonder youngsters have less than 50% chance of living long enough to reproduce. They reach adulthood in 8 to 9 weeks and don’t live over 3 to 6 years.

Male moles are called boars, whereas females are sows and a group is called a labor. Although they have poor eyesight, moles can hear worms from a distance and have an excellent sense of smell. Sensitive to the slightest vibration, moles quickly disappear underground and can excavate as fast as 1 foot per minute and can travel through existing tunnels at 80 feet/minute. Therefore, a single mole can be considerably responsible for a large damage to a garden or lawn.

Different Types of Mole Traps

There is a wide array of choices to choose from when it comes to professional mole traps . If you are tired of mole damage and want the most effective mole control method, find below some handy mole traps you can use to catch your garden mole:

Scissor Mole Traps (Zinc Plated)

Scissor Mole Traps

Also known as the Spring Type Mole Trap, it has a very robust action spring. These scissor mole traps are more traditionally and widely used, must be set cautiously within the moles run, and with the arms above the surface so you can notice if the trap has been activated. These scissor mole traps are pesticide free, can be easily assembled, and do produce a humane kill.

 

Talpex Type Mole Traps

Preferred by professionals and possibly the finest mole trap on the market, Talpex Type Mole Trap is similar to the Scissor Trap but stronger in spring pressure. It has an activating plate that relies on the mole clearing a soil obstruction from the mole run. This clearing drives the soil upwards setting off the mole trap. It is best for moles that continuously fill existing mole traps with earth.

Talpex Mole Traps with Handles:

Designed with handles for ease of use, these mole traps offer the same benefits—functions via the proven scissor action, being a superior, rock-solid, robust unit with a heavy duty spring.

Scissor Type Mole Traps with Trigger on Chain:

Comprised with all the goodness of Scissor Mole Traps, these mole traps are effective and robust, simple to set up, plus with trigger on chain so you can check from a distance if the trap has been sprung.

Yorkshire Type Scissor Mole Traps:

Specially designed for professional use, these high quality Yorkshire Type Scissor Mole Traps are remarkably durable short pattern trap. These traps must be set very cautiously within the moles run.

Tunnel Mole Traps (Zinc Plated):

Also called the Duffus mole trap, these Tunnel Mole Traps produce excellent results. Devised with a strong spring action and galvanized for rust-free sturdiness and with a tunnel cover to keep the mole run free of debris. These traps also feature a dual loop action that allows mole catching of all sizes.

 

What Works And What Doesn’t Works

Depending on your preference, there are many ways you can control moles. Below are some methods that MAY or MAY NOT work against your resident mole:

Poison Fumes / Tunnel Gassing – Mole “bombs,” these are cartridges that discharge poisonous fumes when ignited. This is also ineffective because with those huge feet, your mole has most likely dug out speedily out of range at the first unpleasant smell. Also, fumigating your soil with poison gas may kill the beneficial bugs and bacteria that aid you in gardening. They may sporadically kill a mole or at least drive it away, but not steadily.

Lawn Grubs and Insect Control – Some homeowners believe that they would be able to reduce mole activity by controlling lawn grubs and insects. Nevertheless, this is often unsuccessful because moles’ primary nourishment supply is earthworms.

Mole Baits – These fascinating “molecides” promise to lethally control moles. Previously, all mole baits were in the form of hard pellets—very unlikely texture for a creature that thrives on soft, juicy earthworms. In the recent years, there were other baits specifically created to mimic earthworms in terms of appearance, feel and taste. These baits have been claimed to may be effective against moles.

Soil Vibrating Devices – These are apparatuses such as pinwheels and ultra-sonic types. While peculiar smell or throb may initially alarm or bother moles, they can immediately adjust. And, if your garden is where the food is, they’ll surely be back soon.

Water / Flooding Treatment – Moles run very fast and they have numerous escape routes. By the moment you have drenched the tunnels with the garden hose, your mole has probably moved to a higher ground, assembled and furnished new quarters. This scheme works intermittently if you have a heavy soil and use plenty of water.

Shooting Approach – Never deal with firearms unless you have been properly trained in their safe use. While this method works, you’ve got to be really good at shooting and it’s illegal to discharge guns in many areas. Plus, you need to ensure the mole hill is active and need incredible patience to wait for a mole to appear.

The Pitch Fork / Shovel Method – Moles can be eliminated by conducting a mole watch and kill the little creatures. But who really wants to waste time waiting for signs of movement in a mole tunnel, then hope to get fortunate enough to slam it with a shovel or spear it with a pitch fork before it runs away? Moreover, it is prone to accidents, inhumane, and such activity can frighten the neighbors and small kids.

Mole Repelling Plants – Planting your garden with stinking hellebore (Helleborus foetidus) or caper surge (Euphorbia latifolia) is said to deter moles, as their roots smell foul underground. However, these plants only affect only a small area; the root zone of these plants would have to be deposited in a large number all over the yard to be really effective.

Mole Traps – Mole trapping is far by the most effective method in controlling moles. Mechanical traps are not only reliable but also environmentally friendly, humane, target specific and they give impressive results. This is the only efficient solution to eliminate mole invasion predicament.